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Category Archives: Computers
See this article: Integrating Cisco devices CLI access with Microsoft NPS/RADIUS
Should be cheaper than Cisco’s ACS or ISE systems for small to medium 50-1000 user/computer organizations.
Think about PCI/DSS (3.0) when analyzing cost/risk/liability/brand reputation.
# Remote Desktop Service (RDS) certificate for Windows VERSION 6.2 and 6.3
# This works on Windows 7, 8, and 8.1 Professional and Enterprise Editions, for both 32-bit and x64 CPUs.
# All of this required Administrator level “elevated” privileges. If you don’t know what that means or how to get an “Administrator:Command Prompt” then stop and find a different guide.
# 1) Add SHA1RSA certificate to “Run”
-> certlm.msc -> Certificates Local Computer -> Personal -> Certificates
# 1.1) Windows 7 does not have
certlm.msc. Use mmc.exe and the Certificates snap-in for the “local computer” and then continue on to step 2).
# 2) Get the cert hash(sha1) “thumbprint”
certutil.exe –store my example.com | findstr /r "Subject: Cert.Hash"
# Subject: CN=*.example.com, OU=Domain Control Validated
# Cert Hash(sha1): ff 65 98 ff d0 a9 ff f1 70 ff 53 2b ff dd 3d ff eb 22 ff 0a
# 3) Verify the subject line is the correct certificate and then cleanup the “thumbprint” hash by removing all space characters
# 4) The networkdriver has the right to read the sha1 thumbprint of the certificate from a BINARY registry key:
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\WinStations\RDP-Tcp\SSLCertificateSHA1Hash = <thumbprint>
# Example reg hack
REG ADD "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\WinStations\RDP-Tcp" /v "SSLCertificateSHA1Hash" /t REG_BINARY /d ff6598ffd0a9fff170ff532bffdd3dffeb22ff0a
# Only change this only as a last resort!
# 5) The revocation-list may need to be constrained to the local list with DWORD key if no CRL is available.
HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\Credssp\UseCachedCRLOnlyAndIgnoreRevocationUnknownErrors = 1
# Example reg hack
reg add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\Credssp" /v "UseCachedCRLOnlyAndIgnoreRevocationUnknownErrors"/t REG_DWORD /d 1
This is the Dell “PC-on-a-Stick”: http://www.dell.com/us/business/p/cloud-connect/pd?~ck=anav
Use the Dell Cloud Client Manager server for $22 a year per device: https://www.cloudclientmanager.com/
New-SmbMapping command to map a remote network share to a local drive letter.
New-SmbMapping -LocalPath Y: -RemotePath \\server\ShareName
Please see this documentation for the installation of VMware Tools on Cisco Unified Communications (UC) servers.
The Outlook Add-In can be download from this page: http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/downloads/60860f41-88ab-4bb4-8104-765feca9cfed/default.aspx
The primary function of this add-in is to add a few buttons to the Outlook ribbon to prevent people from replying to all the recipients of your message or forwarding it, etc. The add-in uses a facility built into Outlook and Exchange that is more lightweight than information-rights management but is not exposed in the existing UI. The add-in also includes a check for common email errors, such as omitting attachments or subject lines.
These are some old and new link for managing business/enterprise Windows system deployment.
I hope to maintain and expand this list/page.
Error in DPM:
“DPM could not enumerate SQL Server instances using Windows Management Instrumentation on the protected computer”
In order to fix the error:
- Login to your database server
- Open Command Prompt and browse to C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft SQL Server\\100\\Shared
- Run the command: mofcomp sqlmgmproviderxpsp2up.mof
mofcomp C:\\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\\100\Shared\\sqlmgmproviderxpsp2up.mof
The Microsoft CertMgr.exe tool is included in few SDKs like the Windows SDK, Drivers SDK, and with Visual Studios. As of this writing it is a standalone executable and can simply be copied to other computers with requiring installation or other support files. (more…)
To add an IP address to the IP inclusion list
- Click Start, and then click Run.
- Type cmd, and then click OK to open a command prompt.
- Type the following, where xxx.xxx.x.x is the IP address you want to add:
httpcfg set iplisten -i xxx.xxx.x.x
When this succeeds, Httpcfg returns the following:
HttpSetServiceConfiguration completed with 0
To view additional status codes, see the Httpcfg help.
- After the IP address is added, use the following command to list it:
httpcfg query iplisten
Httpcfg returns the following:
- From the command prompt, stop the HTTP service and its dependent services. To do this, type the following string at the command prompt:
net stop http /y
- From the command prompt, restart the HTTP service and it dependent services. To do this, type the following string at the command prompt:
net start w3svc
Note When you start w3svc, all services that were stopped when HTTP was stopped will start.
To uninstall an update, run the following command:
Note The <RTMProductCodeGuid> placeholder represents one of the following GUIDs:
There has been a change to the Named Pipe path of the Window Internal Database (WID) on Windows Servers 2012. The new path uses “tsql” instead of “sql” that has been in all previous versions.
Use this string in the “Server name” field of the “Connect to Server” dialog of the Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio program:
I have run across this issue when installing both the Cisco AnyConnect VPN client and the traditional Cisco VPN client. Once the client is installed and you attempt to establish the VPN connection you might get one of the following messages: “Unable to establish VPN” or “The VPN client driver encountered an error.”
The fix is you need to change the “Display Name” in the registry. Open the following registry key and take out the extra INF stuff at the front of the “Display Name” data. The different VPN clients use different Registry keys.
Important: UEFI accepts boot loaders only from a FAT32 formatted boot volume.
You will need a 4GB+ USB drive:
- Open elevated command prompt
- Run diskpart
- Enter list disk
Locate your USB drive number. Pay attention, identifying the wrong disk could wipe out your system.
- Enter select disk # (where # is the disk number of your USB drive from the list above)
- Enter these commands: (Everything on the disk will be deleted!)
- create partition primary
- select partition 1
- format quick fs=fat32
- Mount or extract the Windows 7 or 8 ISO
- Copy the contents from the ISO to the USB drive
- robocopy S:\\ D:\\ /e (S = the ISO drive or contents, D = the USB device)
- Enter the BIOS setup by pressing one of the F keys. (F2 is the most common, but F12 may work also)
- Disable Legacy BIOS ROMS support. (May also be “UEFI only” or similar option.
- Save BIOS and Exit, boot from your USB stick to start the installation.
- When selecting the drive and partition configuration in Setup, I find it best to use the Advanced Options and delete all existing HDD partitions on the destination drive.
Then click New and then Apply to automatically create the four (4) partitions needed for UEFI/GPT/Dynamic Disk operation.
After Windows is installed run MSINFO32.exe and check the “BIOS Mode” in the system summary. It will show either “UEFI” or “Legacy”. (If you followed these instruction then hope for “UEFI”.)
Windows system key combinations
- F1: Help
- CTRL+ESC: Open Start menu
- ALT+TAB: Switch between open programs
- ALT+F4: Quit program
- SHIFT+DELETE: Delete item permanently
- Windows Logo+L: Lock the computer (without using CTRL+ALT+DELETE)
Windows program key combinations
- CTRL+C: Copy
- CTRL+X: Cut
- CTRL+V: Paste
- CTRL+Z: Undo
- CTRL+B: Bold
- CTRL+U: Underline
- CTRL+I: Italic
Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects
- SHIFT+right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands
- SHIFT+double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu)
- ALT+double click: Displays properties
- SHIFT+DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin
General keyboard-only commands
- F1: Starts Windows Help
- F10: Activates menu bar options
- SHIFT+F10 Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as right-clicking an object
- CTRL+ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item)
- CTRL+ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu)
- CTRL+SHIFT+ESC: Opens Windows Task Manager
- ALT+DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
- ALT+TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then press the TAB key to view the task-switching window)
- SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature
- ALT+SPACE: Displays the main window’s System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window)
- ALT+- (ALT+hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window’s System menu (from the MDI child window’s System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window)
- CTRL+TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program
- ALT+underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu
- ALT+F4: Closes the current window
- CTRL+F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window
- ALT+F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed, ALT+F6 switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window)
Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts
For a selected object:
- F2: Rename object
- F3: Find all files
- CTRL+X: Cut
- CTRL+C: Copy
- CTRL+V: Paste
- SHIFT+DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin
- ALT+ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object
To copy a file
Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to another folder.
To create a shortcut
Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder.
General folder/shortcut control
- F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer)
- F5: Refreshes the current window.
- F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer
- CTRL+G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only)
- CTRL+Z: Undo the last command
- CTRL+A: Select all the items in the current window
- BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder
- SHIFT+click+Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders
Windows Explorer tree control
- Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection
- Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection
- Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection.
- RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child
- LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent
- CTRL+TAB/CTRL+SHIFT+TAB: Move through the property tabs
- Press SHIFT five times: Toggles StickyKeys on and off
- Press down and hold the right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Toggles FilterKeys on and off
- Press down and hold the NUM LOCK key for five seconds: Toggles ToggleKeys on and off
- Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK: Toggles MouseKeys on and off
- Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off
Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys
- Windows Logo: Start menu
- Windows Logo+R: Run dialog box
- Windows Logo+M: Minimize all
- SHIFT+Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all
- Windows Logo+F1: Help
- Windows Logo+E: Windows Explorer
- Windows Logo+F: Find files or folders
- Windows Logo+D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop
- CTRL+Windows Logo+F: Find computer
- CTRL+Windows Logo+TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray)
- Windows Logo+TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons
- Windows Logo+Break: System Properties dialog box
- Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item
Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType software installed
- Windows Logo+L: Log off Windows
- Windows Logo+P: Starts Print Manager
- Windows Logo+C: Opens Control Panel
- Windows Logo+V: Starts Clipboard
- Windows Logo+K: Opens Keyboard Properties dialog box
- Windows Logo+I: Opens Mouse Properties dialog box
- Windows Logo+A: Starts Accessibility Options (if installed)
- Windows Logo+SPACEBAR: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys
- Windows Logo+S: Toggles CAPS LOCK on and off
Dialog box keyboard commands
- TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box
- SHIFT+TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box
- SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the current control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option.
- ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline)
- ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button
- ALT+underlined letter in dialog box item: Move to the corresponding item